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"While language previously had been a means to unite Balkan Slavs, it became an instrument of nationalism wielded by politically motivated actors to widen the division among the ethnicities. Language disputes did not destroy Yugoslavia, but they may hinder recovery and modernization. As each Yugoslav successor state strives toward integration into the European Union, political questions concerning language may polarize domestic politics and inhibit regional cooperation, thereby hampering efforts to carry out needed economic and political reforms." Rice, Eric A. (2010). Language politics in Bosnia, Croatia, and Serbia - Calhoun: The NPS

"…, most of the major minority groups have a kin-state in the region. ‘Kin state involvement in ethnic conflicts is based on an assertion of strong ethnonational ties that cross borders and entails “the right, and even obligation to defend” co-ethnics in another state’ (Caspersen, 2008a: 357)."

The Balkan Peninsula and the Pannonian Basin endured for centuries frequently migration of people, due of trade routes, location on main waterways, conquering the fertile land for agriculture, tribal mass migration (e.g. Celts, Slavs, Avar), local tribal wars to increase hegenomy, Crusades, religious persecution, rise and fall of emperor- and kingdoms (e.g. Roman, Habsburg, Ottoman), forced expulsion, military alliances, and economic- and political blocks. BEC

"In my terms, ‘perceived co-ethnics’ are defined as people who are recognised by the citizenship (or ethnizenship) conferring state as belonging to its main ethnic group although they themselves not only do not embrace that definition but have a distinct national project of their own. In other words, this imagined political community is seeking recognition in its own right under a different name and with different claims from that of the self-fashioned kin-state. However, the self-fashioned kin-state offers citizenship to them." Dejan Stjepanović (2013). Perceived Co-Ethnics 'and Kin-State Citizenship in Southeastern Europe Perceived Co-Ethnics 'and Kin-State Citizenship in Southeastern Europe

© Stichting Bunjevac European Center, 2015