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Bunjevci, Croats, Bunjevac Croats
People from the Bunjevac community identifying themselves either as Bunjevci, Croats, or Bunjevac Croats. The number of the total population of Bunjevci is unknown. The historical background of the Bunjevci in Bosnia and Hercegovina, Croatia, Hungary, and Vojvodina/Serbia is complex. The Bunjevac community in Vojvodina/Serbia is represented by the Croat National Council and the National Council of the Bunjevac National Minority. Bunjevac speech is categorized as a New-Štokavian Young Ikavian dialect of the Serbo-Croatian/Croato-Serbian pluricentric language - BCMS.
The Bunjevac European Center (NGO) is a portal for Bunjevac heritage: folklore, music, dance, linguistics, education, handicraft, art, customs, politics, costumes, gastronomy, festivals, and history. We strive for independent Bunjevac information and for sisterly and brotherly reconciliation between the Bunjevac communities. The Bunjevac heritage is more than only folklore: it is a way of live for many people with Bunjevac ancestors.
To this day, historical events are still influencing the demographic movements in Vojvodina, politics of national identity of different ethnic groups, and citizenship. Kin-state activities in Vojvodina by foreign countries as Germany, Hungary, Bulgaria and Croatia, are increasing people's sense to belong to the country of their ancestors. Serbia, will have to show political maturity to manage its ethnic diversity, problems with state loyalty of citizens, economic migration to escape poverty, and its own conflicting domestic and foreign policy in the context of the planned EU accession.
BUNJEVAC Folk Culture & Art
Reviving Bunjevac Heritage
"Today, the largest concentration of Bunjevci is in the ethnically mixed city of Subotica, which is their cultural and political centre. Traditionally, Bunjevci of Bačka are associated with land and farming. Large, usually isolated farms in the Northern Bačka called Salaši, are a significant part of their identity. Most of their customs celebrate the land, harvest and horse breeding." Folklorna Grupa Mladi Hrvati - Clifton Hill - Početna | Facebook
- Buna Bunjevačka Tradicija - Home | Facebook
- Bunjevci - Bunjevački Informativni Centar - Bunjevac National Council
- Bunjevci, Šokci, Croats - Portal kulture Hrvata u Vojvodini - Croat National Council
- Bunjevački Radio Tavankut - Home | Facebook
- Dužijanca - Почетна страница | Фејсбук
- Festival Bunjevački pisama - Home | Facebook - 29.09.2019, Subotica, Vojvodina/Serbia
- HKC Bunjevacko kolo, Subotica - Početna | Facebook
- kalendar manifestacija kulture hrvata u srbiji za 2019. godinu
multicultural claim as a "marketing tool"
- European Capital of Culture 2021: Timișoara (Romania), Elefsina (Greece) and Novi Sad (Serbia, EU-candidate country)
- The Politics of Multiculturalism in the Northern Autonomous Province of Vojvodina: (Serbian) Youth Discourse on Multiculturalism in Novi Sad - WUR E-depot. pp.120. Žarković, Sara
The Serbian-Croatian Bunjevac Case
Pseudo-minority status of Bunjevci in Serbia: Disputes about the national status and historical origins of the Bunjevci go back to the nationalism wave in the 19th century in Austria-Hungary. The debate revived by the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. Some Bunjevci in Hungary and Serbia, who are gathered around the Bunjevac National Council (Vojvodina/Serbia), claiming they are an autochthonous ethnic group (Bunjevac nation/tribe/people, www.bunjevci.net/o-bunjevcima), while most of the Bunjevci in the Bačka region identify themselves as a Croatian sub-ethnic group – an integral part of the Croatian national corpus (Izjava Predsjednistva HAZU o hrvatskoj etnickoj skupini Bunjevci), represented by the Croat National Council (Vojvodina/Serbia). BEC
The Republic of Serbia is using in Vojvodina a "segregated model of multiculturalism". Most people who declare that they belong to a specific ethnic/minority group, already come from families with mixed family backgrounds (e.g. mixed marriages between different nationalities/ethnicities, interreligious marriages). Both the Croatian, Hungarian and Serbian authorities do not recognize a distinct Bunjevac/Bunjevci language/nationality. BEC
Statements about Bunjevci:
1. Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts
- Statement by the Justice and Peace Commission of the Croatian Conference of Bishops on the Referendum, Croatian Bunjevci, Freedom of the Media and the Exercise of Public Office in the Republic of Croatia. 22.09.2014/20:25
3. Government of Croatia
4. Government of Hungary
- National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia | National Assembly. Tuesday, 12 July, 2011 (visited 28.04.2019/11:52)
- Tomislav Nikolić: Bunjevci su autohtoni narod, ni Srbi ni Hrvati. Tumbas, Nikola. 2013 - YouTube
- Fourth Report submitted by Serbia pursuant to Article 25, paragraph 2 of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities - received on 18 September 2018. pp.110-112
6. The Vatican
Open issues between Serbia and Croatia after: SUBOTICA DECLARATION
What is under the carpet?
- Absence of objective evidence based criteria for voluntary self-identification of Bunjevci in relation to population census in Serbia
- Croatian minority - Bunjevci and Šokci
- Different theories about the Bunjevac origin
- Implementation Minority Education Program
- Minority representatives in parliament/state administration
- Minority status of Bunjevci and Šokci in Serbia
- Political-linguistic dispute "Bunjevac dialect vs. Bunjevac language"
- Politics of population census
- Role of the government in the Bunjevac identity dispute - "Bunjevac Question"
- Serbian minority in Croatia
- Stigmatization of Croatian minority in Serbia
- Bunjevci o osporavanju svojih prava | www.subotica.info - 21.02.2017/17:05
- Identitet bačkih Hrvata. ur. Robert Skenderović. Autor prikaza: Zvonimir Pelajić (2011)
- The passport as means of identity management: making and unmaking ethnic boundaries through citizenship. S. Pogonyi - CEU Nationalism Studies, Budapest, Hungary. pp.975-993. 2019
- U Subotici vlast politizira znanost - Identitet bunjevačkih Hrvatov u Vojvodini | Hrvatske Novine - 7 veljača, 2019/15:54
- Balkan Futures | European Union Institute for Security Studies
- EU Law and Regulation: EUR-Lex home - EUR-Lex
- Introduction: mapping the multiculturalism-interculturalism debate – NCBI. F. Levrau and P. Loobuyck. 2018
- Key findings of the 2019 Report on Serbia - europa.eu - Brussels, 29 May 2019
- Serbia: languages covered only by Part II of the Charter (EU, 2019)
© Stichting Bunjevac European Center, 2015